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Model Writing và Shared Reading in a First Grade Classroom - Juicy Temporal Words & Phrases

In this Mã Sản Phẩm writing và shared reading lesson, the teacher facilitates a lesson on how to be brave in their writing by using 'juicy' temporal words và phrases.

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Model Writing and Shared Reading in a First Grade Classroom - Juicy Temporal Words và Phrases Directors Cut

View this version of the Temporal Words và Phrases lesson for additional "look fors" và tips.

Message Time Plus is a powerful instructional practice that combines modeled writing và shared reading to support the growth of young readers và writers. The purpose of Message Time Plus is to create an authentic reading và writing experience with embedded, frequent, và explicit opportunities for instruction in all of areas of literacy. It is highly engaging and impactful because it is structured to tư vấn and scaffold both individual children và the whole group. It is also dynamic, including opportunities for children khổng lồ interact within multiple modalities. Message Time Plus (MTP) connects to lớn other balanced literacy practices in the literacy block through the primary literacy objective, identified language supports, and/or the content of the message, ensuring cohesion in instruction. Taught with your children gathered in cthua trận proximity, MTPhường. is an experience that not only builds community, it builds readers, writers, và thinkers.

What is Message Time Plus…

Imagine gathering your children around you in the large group area while you chia sẻ a piece of writing related khổng lồ the life of the classroom.

The children read your writing as you compose it in front of them, building và strengthening their reading skills và fluency with your guidance. As individual children find letters và words they know, you have the opportunity to scaffold their mni-alive.coming. The whole class gets the chance lớn participate in an engaging mini-lesson by sharing their ideas with a partner, for example, or creating a chart with you. Multiple literacy skills are addressed from comprehension to phonics lớn vocabulary, all in less than 25 minutes!


Message Time Plus combines the practices of modeled writing and shared reading khổng lồ support young readers and writers in a meaningful and authentic literacy experience. It incorporates the gradual release of responsibility method for teaching and mni-alive.coming – in other words, it provides modeled, guided, and independent practice. MTP has a high impact on children’s mni-alive.coming because it exposes children to all areas of literacy, provides differentiated instruction, uses data and assessments, and is engaging. It also connects khổng lồ other balanced literacy practices in your literacy bloông xã through the primary literacy objective or the content of your writing, ensuring cohesion in your instruction.

Because you shape the goals và nội dung of MTP.., you are able khổng lồ teach all areas of literacy in MTP. While there is one primary literacy objective, other skills are embedded. The content of your writing piece is planned to include high-frequency words & vocabulary words, & relates khổng lồ the life of your classroom. You can write about a favorite read aloud or a recent science experiment.

MTP is easy to lớn implement because it has a before, during, and after structure.

Before Writing

Build engagement & help prepare children to read & underst& the piece you are going to write by offering them some specific supports.

High Frequency Words

Reviews the three to five sầu high frequency words you are explicitly teaching & incorporating into lớn your modeled writing pieces over the course of the week.


Previews or đánh giá the one to lớn three academic vocabulary or Tier III words that you have sầu embedded in your writing.

Think Aloud

Explain the decisions you made as a writer as you planned your piece. Explain what you want your children to lớn and why it will help them as readers or writers. Ask them to think about or look for an element related lớn your mni-alive.coming goal as they read.

During Writing

Guide children to lớn read your piece as you write in front of them.

Modeled Writing

Write your piece in front of the children with the appropriate pacing, handwriting, and conventions. Use strategies khổng lồ help support children’s use of their cuing systems while writing.

Shared Reading

The children read along as you write. Assess và tư vấn their decoding, fluency, and comprehension skills as they vì so. Have them re-read each sentence after it’s been written and the entire piece after it’s been written.

After Writing

Use your writing piece as a springboard for helping individual mni-alive.comers grow and for teaching your primary literacy objective sầu lớn the whole class.


Scaffold individual children khổng lồ teach them something they need khổng lồ


Engage the whole class in work that will help them meet the primary literacy objective sầu.


Guide the children to reread the message one more time in order to build their fluency và allow them lớn put what they have sầu mni-alive.comed, through scaffolding và the mini-lesson, baông chồng into an overall meaningful context.

The predictable structure allows children khổng lồ feel comfortable khổng lồ take risks & Celebrating their efforts and promoting their literacy growth is a natural result of MTP..

Why Message Time Plus

Message Time Plus is a powerful instructional practice. In less than 25 minutes MTPhường. allows you to explicitly teach và expose children to lớn numerous skills and strategies. Taught with your children gathered in cthua kém proximity, MTPhường. is an experience that not only builds community, it builds readers, writers, and thinkers. Here’s how:

MTP.. is Comprehensive - In 1990, the National Reading Panel reviewed over 100,000 reading studies on how children mni-alive.comed khổng lồ read & concluded that the most important areas for instruction were phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, & comprehension. Their recommendations provided the basis for the creation of elementary literacy standards nationwide. The purpose of MTP is to create an authentic reading and writing experience with embedded, frequent, & explicit opportunities for literacy instruction in all of these recommended areas.

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MTP is Varied – One of the highlights of MTP is that you can vary the format and the content on a daily basis. If you are studying bugs, you can write about bugs for a week. If you are studying informational texts, you can write a table of contents one day, and a glossary entry the next. Exposing children lớn different forms of writing and connecting your writing khổng lồ other curricular areas adds variety & keeps your children engaged.

MTP is Connected – Connecting your primary literacy objective sầu or the nội dung of your writing to lớn another aspect of your curriculum helps children more easily & has a greater instructional impact. For example, if you are teaching your first graders about the magic “e” (as in mat/mate) in phonics, then using several magic “e” words in your writing allows your children khổng lồ see & read these words in context và in another format.

MTP is Authentic – Because your writing reflects the life of the classroom và is intended for the needs & interests of the group of children in front of you, MTPhường is truly an authentic literacy experience. You are writing in front of the children to focus them on using their cuing systems in context and to assess và give immediate feedbaông chồng. You create a safe mni-alive.coming zone for children lớn explore what they know và take risks while mni-alive.coming something new.

MTPhường is Part of a Balanced Literacy Block – Because MTPhường. combines two balanced literacy practices – modeled writing và shared reading – including it in your literacy bloông xã allows you khổng lồ feel confident that you are meeting the requirements of a comprehensive sầu literacy blochồng.

Modeled Writing & Shared Reading

Message Time Plus is an instructional practice that combines và enhances the balanced literacy elements of modeled writing & shared reading. By doing so, MTP. allows you to lớn expose children to multiple areas of literacy in an engaging and authentic way.

Modeled writing is a process in which you brainstorm, plan, and compose a piece of written text as your children watch và respond. It gives you an opportunity to explicitly talk about và Mã Sản Phẩm elements of the writing process. Children about both the thinking that a writer does và the decisions writers make. As educator & author Regie Routman states in Conversations, “It has always been our job to lớn teach directly và explicitly in response lớn students’ needs—carefully demonstrating, specifically showing how, clearly explaining. Whatever we want our students khổng lồ vì well, we first have sầu lớn show them how. …adding explicit demonstration to everything I teach has been the single most important factor in increasing students’ literacy.”

Shared reading is a process in which you & your children join together lớn read a piece of written text. Repeated readings of the same text support children’s developing reading skills and allows them to lớn feel successful & confident as they read along with their classmates. According khổng lồ Brenda Parkes in Using Shared Reading for Explicit & Implicit Instruction, shared reading has multiple benefits including allowing you to:

show enthusiasm for readingmã sản phẩm fluent readingensure the use of various skills & strategies for reading and comprehendingexplore semantics (the meaning of words), syntax (the structure of the English language) và graphophonics (letter-sound relationships)show how khổng lồ read for different purposes

Supporting Fluency

“The fluent reader reads aloud with proper phrasing, intonation, and expression…On the basis of a detailed analysis of the available research…the National Reading Panel…concluded that guided repeated oral reading procedures…had a significant impact on word recognition, fluency & comprehension across a range of grade levels.” - Sharon Walpole & Michael C. McKenmãng cầu - The Literacy Coach’s Handbook

Message Time Plus offers you the perfect opportunity lớn give your children “guided repeated reading” experiences. Lessons in fluency can be explicitly taught and repeated readings offer children practice strengthening their fluency skills. In MTP, children reread at a sentence level & reread the entire writing piece two times.

Rereading #1

After each sentence is written, guide the children lớn reread the sentence using a pointer or your finger as a guide. This rereading allows them khổng lồ put the group of words inkhổng lồ a meaningful sentence and read it smoothly, accurately, and with expression.

Tip: When most children in your class can traông chồng with their eyes (typically towards the middle to end of kindergarten) move from pointing at words during rereading to lớn fluidly guiding the pointer (or finger) under the sentence.

Rereading #2

After the text is written, guide the children khổng lồ read the entire piece. This rereading will allow the children khổng lồ create meaning from the piece in its entirety. During this reading rethành viên to fluidly guide the pointer (or your finger) under the sentence. Encourage children lớn attkết thúc to punctuation.

Rereading #3

After you have sầu scaffolded individual children và completed the activity related lớn your objective, guide the children to lớn read the entire piece one final time. This rereading will allow the children khổng lồ understvà the piece at an even deeper màn chơi, now that they have sầu worked with many of the words and phrases in it. During this reading remember to fluidly guide the pointer (or your finger) under the sentence.

Tip: During every reread, use your voice lớn provide the right màn chơi of tư vấn for your children. When you notice that children are decoding with accuracy & reading fluently you might choose to lớn lower the volume of your voice or not read along. However, when you notice that children are in need of your tư vấn, raise the volume of your voice lớn Model the correct pronunciation of the word.

Reflect on Message Time Plus

Like any instructional practice, MTPhường will benefit from your reflection. Its effectiveness will increase when you take the time lớn think about your planning and implementation. Connect your reflection to the benefits of MTP lớn consider where you might grow your expertise.

Is your MTP comprehensive?

The power of MTP lies in its ability lớn embed several areas of literacy instruction into one instructional practice while focusing on one primary literacy objective. In one MTPhường. lesson, you should be able lớn address all areas of literacy.

Is your primary literacy objective focused on one skill or strategy?Do you vary this objective so you touch upon all areas of literacy over the course of a few weeks?Do you explicitly strengthen children’s fluency skills by modeling & responding to lớn their reading?Do you respond to and support their use of the three cuing systems?Do you incorporate Tier II and/or Tier III vocabulary?Do you help them comprehover the message through conversation và discussion?

Is your MTP varied?

MTP. is useful in the classroom because it can connect lớn so many other areas of your curriculum.

Do you connect the content of the message lớn other areas of your curriculum? To your read alouds? To science or social studies?Do you vary the format of the message to lớn mirror the books you are reading or the writing genres you are studying?

Is your MTP connected?

MTP.. is also useful because you can help children engage with familiar skills và concepts in new and authentic contexts.

Do you help children apply what they are mni-alive.coming in other areas of literacy (vocabulary, phonics, etc.) by reinforcing it during MTP.. through your primary literacy objective, scaffolding, or the nội dung of your message?

Is your MTPhường authentic?

Because your writing reflects the life of the classroom & is intended for the needs & interests of the group of children in front of you, MTP is truly an authentic và engaging literacy experience.

Are you writing in front of the children and focusing them on using their cuing systems in context?Are you assessing and giving immediate feedback?Are you creating a safe mni-alive.coming zone for children khổng lồ explore what they know & take risks while mni-alive.coming something new?Are you using engagement strategies lớn help the children actively think & participate?

Frequently Asked Questions

How vày I know the areas in which to scaffold my children?

Message Time Plus offers a perfect opportunity to lớn reinforce all the core components of literacy, including letter recognition, word recognition, vocabulary, phonemic awareness, phonics, và comprehension. Scaffolding decisions can emerge from a variety of sources. Look at your daily literacy objectives và your summative sầu and formative assessment results. The scaffolding component of MTP. is a great time to lớn zero in on the teaching points you have explored in Guided Reading lessons or Reading Worksiêu thị conferences. As you gain proficiency with teaching MTPhường lessons, add recordkeeping khổng lồ your MTPhường teaching procedure. Keep trachồng of what the children identify in the message, so you will know how lớn move sầu them khổng lồ the next cấp độ. You will also want to keep track of skills that children are developing, as demonstrated by their writing, your running records, và your observations. This information will help you decide what will be optimal for children khổng lồ work on when they come up to lớn the MTPhường board.

How bởi vì I get all of my children to read along as I write the message?

The shared reading component of Message Time Plus supports building children’s sight word vocabularies & developing their reading fluency. To reap these benefits, it is very important for every child khổng lồ read along. Since the children are predicting & confirming the individual words of the sentences as they are being written, they will have the confidence khổng lồ read the message’s text. Tracking the text with a pointer encourages the children to lớn read along. In most cases, it is sufficient khổng lồ simply offer prompts such as, “Everyone read along,” or “I want lớn hear everyone’s voice,” or “Put on your super reader’s hat và read the message with me.” Highlight và acknowledge children who are actively reading along with comments such as, “Thank you, Jimmy, for reading along” or “I can hear Patty reading along.”

What vì chưng I vì with the message after MTP?

Display the message on the board for the remainder of the school day. It contributes to lớn the print-rich environment và offers a source of readable text for fledgling readers. When children are “reading the room” during Independent Work Time, the Message Time Plus message is a rich, meaningful, and connected reading opportunity. The children can use the message for tư vấn in spelling words conventionally when they are writing. Some teachers snap a picture of each day’s message, print it out, & put it in a Message Time Plus binder for the children lớn reread and revisit. You can also make a copy of your MTPhường message on a chart tablet and make it available lớn your children for rereading. When you are ready lớn write a new message the following day, erase the message và start the cycle again.

I know MTP is supposed khổng lồ take less than 25 minutes but it goes longer in my class. How do I shorten it?

Keep your MTP lessons khổng lồ 25 minutes or less khổng lồ ensure that children will stay engaged in rigorous mni-alive.coming và that the lesson comfortably fits into your literacy bloông chồng. If you find your lesson running more than 25 minutes, consider several possible factors that might be adding khổng lồ its length. Is the lesson carefully planned & rehearsed, so that you are not groping for words or ideas during the lesson? Have you practiced the routines and procedures of MTPhường with your children, so that they know what is expected of them? Are you prepared, depending upon how the lesson unfolds, to lớn choose without hesitation from amuốn several different possible scaffolding scenartiện ích ios for children at multiple levels of achievement? Is your message too long? Message Time Plus messages should be rich & meaningful, yet concise. The message length should be one khổng lồ four sentences long, depending on your grade level & the time of year. Finally, select no more than three children to come up lớn the MTPhường board for scaffolding.

Can I use an excerpt from a book or a published poem for my message?

Message Time Plus messages are crafted by teachers khổng lồ ensure that they contain all of the elements necessary khổng lồ achieve the lesson’s primary objective sầu. The message will be in the selected genre, và it will contain one to three Tier II or Tier III vocabulary words, words with the phonological elements that the class has been practicing, and sight words that the children are mni-alive.coming. It is almost impossible to find a published text that includes all of these desired elements & would take longer searching for a piece than it would to write an original one. Additionally, rethành viên that MTP. is modeled writing; you can’t mã sản phẩm và explain your thinking around your writing choices (for example, topic, word choice, or content) if you haven’t written the piece yourself.

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